What are the basic Pathology Equipments used in Digital Pathology?

Introduction

The process of scanning glass slides using a whole slide image scanner and then evaluating the digitized pictures with an image viewer, usually on a computer display or mobile device, is known as digital pathology.

Digital pathology is the use of digital pathology equipments to examine digital whole slide images (WSIs) generated by high-resolution scanning of glass microscope slides 1 for purposes such as teaching, research, and primary diagnostic reporting.

Basic Pathology Equipments used in Digital Pathology

  1. ABG machine/Blood gas analyser

Blood gas analysis, also known as arterial blood gas analysis, is a test that measures the quantity of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the blood as well as the acidity (pH). Electrolytes and metabolites may also be measured.

The findings of an arterial blood gas test can reveal if the lungs are eliminating enough carbon dioxide, the kidneys are functioning effectively, or the lungs are receiving enough oxygen. 

You can find these ABG Machines her

  1. Biochemistry Analyzer

An automated Biochemistry Analyzer is a piece of pathology equipments that can analyze a variety of chemicals and other properties in a variety of biological samples with minimum human intervention. The measurements of blood and other fluids are used to diagnose illness. This test’s automation has cut the analysis time in half, from days to hours.

  1. Centrifuge

A lab centrifuge is an equipment that is used to spin liquid samples at high speeds using a motor. A centrifuge is a device that separates fluids, whether gaseous or liquid, depending on density. Separation is performed by spinning a vessel holding material at a fast speed, causing heavier items to be pushed to the outside of the vessel by centrifugal force.

  1. Electrolyte analyzer

Electrolyte analyzers are those pathology equipments that are used to evaluate electrolyte levels in the human body, as well as to detect metabolic imbalances and assess renal and cardiac function in blood plasma, serum, or urine samples. Ion-selective electrodes, as well as colorimetric and photometric approaches, are used to test electrolytes.

  1. Hematology Analyser / Cell counter

Hematology analyzers are computerized devices that count leucocytes, red blood cells, and platelets in the blood, as well as assess hemoglobin and hematocrit levels. Physicians frequently order a complete blood count as the first test to examine a patient’s health. The CBC can be used to diagnose a variety of pathological conditions, such as anemia, infection, hemophilia, blood-clotting problems, and leukemia, as well as to keep track of a patient who is undergoing chemotherapy.

  1. Urine analyzer

A urine analyzer is one of the best pathology equipments that does automated urine testing. Bilirubin, protein, glucose, and red blood cells are all tested in the urine. Many versions have urine strip readers, which are a sort of reflectance photometer that can process hundreds of strips each hour.

Urine analysis may also be performed as part of a general health examination. It aids in the early detection of illnesses such as renal disease, liver disease, diabetes, and other

  1. Incubator

In a laboratory, an incubator is a piece of pathology equipments that are used to cultivate and maintain microbiological or cell cultures. The incubator maintains the ideal temperature, humidity, and other variables within, such as carbon dioxide (CO2) and oxygen content.

  1. Elisa Reader/Microplate reader

Elisa readers, also known as microplate readers or microplate photometers, are pathology equipments that detect biological, chemical, or physical phenomena in microtiter plates. The enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) stands for enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. In a nutshell, it’s an antibody test or an immune response test for things that assault the body like viruses, bacteria, and allergies.

  1. Immunoassay analyzer

An immunoassay analyzer is a machine that performs biochemical tests automatically in hospitals and laboratories. Cancer markers, infectious disease diagnosis, cardiac analysis, therapeutic medication monitoring, and allergy testing are among the tests that an immunoassay analyzer may conduct. An immunoassay analyzer may process a sample in two ways: random sampling and continuous access sampling.

  1. Hot air oven

Hot air ovens are electrical sterilization devices that use dry heat to sterilize. They can be operated at temperatures ranging from 50 to 300 degrees Celsius, with a thermostat controlling the temperature. The inner layer of a hot air oven is a poor conductor, while the outside layer is metallic, which holds the heat in and conserves energy. In addition, there is an air-filled area between them to help with insulation. It features an air circulating fan that distributes the heat evenly.

Conclusion

Clinical lab and imaging equipment are frequently included in a conventional diagnostic center/setup. A medical laboratory, often known as a clinical laboratory, is a facility that conducts testing on clinical specimens (such as blood, urine, stool, semen, bone marrow, and several other body fluids). The goal is to acquire information about a patient’s health in order to diagnose, treat, and prevent disease. As a result, imaging equipment such as X-Ray, CR System, Ultrasound, CT, MRI, Bone-densitometer, Mammograph, and so on is required at a medical diagnostic center or institution.

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